Telangana Journal of Psychiatry

Official Journal of indian psychiatric society - Telangana state brance

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Telangana journal of psychiatry


Volume : 6, Issue : 2

  • Tobacco Use And Its Clinical Correlates Among Psychiatric In-patients At A Tertiary Care Psychiatric Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study

  • Article : Open Access

  • Article Type: Original Article

  • Subject : Psychiatry, Mental Health, Psychology

  • Year : 2020

  • Author : Pendota Swetha1

  • Author : Shanti Mohan Kethawath2*

  • Author : Sireesha Srinivasa Rao3

  • Email id : [email protected]

  • Page From : 130

  • Page To : 136

  • Page No : 130-136

  • Article View : 20

  • Article Download : 21

  • DOI : 10.18231/j.tjp.2020.028
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  • Abstract  

    Background: Prevalence of tobacco use is variable among psychiatric illness across the world. Tobacco consumption may predispose or worsen the psychiatric illnesses.

    Aims: To study the prevalence of tobacco use among psychiatric in-patients and to study the association between various sociodemographic variables and clinical variables with tobacco use.

    Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among psychiatric in -patients (n=200) at a tertiary care psychiatric hospital. Consecutive sampling technique was applied. A semi-structured proforma was applied to capture the socio-demographic and clinical details of the participants. The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was applied to assess for the tobacco dependence.

    Results: Prevalence of current tobacco use among the study population was 39.5%. Among the psychiatric illness, prevalence of tobacco use is significantly higher in substance use disorders when compared with mood disorders (χ2=7.757, p=0.005) and schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders (χ2=24.093, p<0.01). Tobacco use is significantly associated with male gender (χ2=20.820, p<0.01), employment (χ2=7.860, p= 0.005) and marital status (χ2=7.930, p= 0.019) among psychiatric patients.

    Conclusion: Prevalence of tobacco use was found to be high among psychiatric population. There is a need to focus on the adequate management of tobacco use along with primary psychiatric conditions.

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  • Keyword : Nicotine, Psychiatric in-patients, Smoking, Tobacco
  • How to cite this article:   Swetha1 P, Kethawath2* S M, Rao3 S S, Tobacco Use And Its Clinical Correlates Among Psychiatric In-patients At A Tertiary Care Psychiatric Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study. Telangana J Psychiatry. 2020;6(2):130-136.
  • Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Telangana journal of psychiatry. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)