Introduction: Suicide is a complex social issue and a serious global health problem. Its incidence among adolescents is increasing. Understanding of risk factors helps early detection and prompt treatment of high-risk youngsters. Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based case-control study carried out among 60 adolescent suicide attempters and 60 of their normal counterparts for the period of one year. Pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect information. Ethical principles were followed throughout the study. SPSS version 24 was used to do the analysis. Odd's ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated as a measure of the strength of association between risk factors and suicide attempts. Results: Among the study participants, 70% were in the age group of 16 – 18 years and 45% were males. The identified risk factors for suicide attempt were, presence of psychiatric illness (OR-7.8; 95% CI: 3.3-19), substance abuse among family members (OR-4.3; 95% CI: 2-9.3), family history of attempted suicide (OR-7.2; 95% CI: 1.5-3.3), family history of completed suicide (OR-3.6; 95% CI: 1.2-1.1) and residence at rural areas (OR-2.8; 95% CI: 1.2 – 6.3). Suicide intent score was significantly correlated with various standard scoring tools for stress and depression among cases. Conclusion: The established risk factors should be considered in creating an effective intervention program and strategies with intersectoral collaboration and coordination to prevent suicide among high-risk adolescents.
How to cite this article:
Dass V K, Chandrasekaran A P, Venugopal* V, Muthu A, Ramanathan G, Suicide Attempt Among Adolescent In Tamil Nadu: A Case-control Study. Telangana J Psychiatry. 2020;6(1):58-63.